Chinese Crested Breed Information
The following information was written by DeLisa Parker based on her research and years of experience breeding, training and loving Chinese Crested dogs.  If you have any questions about the information on this page or the breed please feel free to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Varieties of Chinese Crested Dogs
The Chinese Crested comes in two distinct varieties, the Hairless and the Powder Puff.  The Powder Puff is covered in a double, soft and silky coat that should be straight and of medium length and density.  The Hairless has hair on its head or “crest”, its feet or “socks” and its tail or “plume”.  This is commonly referred to as the dog’s “furnishings”.
The Chinese Crested is not a true hairless breed and for this reason, the amount and placement of body hair can vary from one dog to the next.  Terms used to categorize the Hairless Chinese Crested are “Hairy Hairless” for a dog that has a moderate amount of body hair and “True Hairless” for a dog with very little body hair.
Most show dogs are groomed to remove excess body hair.  Even a true Hairless may have stray hairs in places that should be removed for the show ring.  Generally, show dogs with long, flowing furnishings will have more body hair than ones with thin, sparse furnishings.
A very hairy hairless should not be mistaken for a coated dog when its hair is allowed to grow naturally.  Typically, excess body hair will grow down the back and up the legs with sparse to no hair growing on the dog’s sides, chest and undercarriage.  If the Crested’s hair is allowed to grow naturally and the dog looks like a coated dog, it is probably a Powder Puff.
Chinese Crested Teeth
According to the AKC Breed standard, the only difference between the Powder Puff and the Hairless (besides the coat) is the teeth.  A Powder Puff should have full dentition.  Missing teeth are faulted in Puffs.  In the Hairless, missing teeth are common and acceptable.  This is because the gene that causes the hairlessness may be linked to the gene that causes missing teeth.
The Hairless Crested’s teeth may have a slightly different shape than a normal dog’s teeth but this difference is not always apparent to someone unfamiliar with the breed.  The Crested puppy’s canines should not be pulled unless the adult canine is clearly visible or a vet has x-rayed the dog to verify that it does in fact have adult teeth.
Chinese Crested Ears
The AKC Breed standard calls for large erect ears in both the Hairless and Powder Puff variety.  However, the Canadian Kennel Club allows drop ears on the Powder Puff.
There are many different methods and products for taping ears.  A new owner should not tape a puppy's ears without proper instructions and guidance.  If taped incorrectly, the ears may never stand correctly.  In addition, taping the ears can lead to ear and skin infections.  If the tape is not removed properly with adhesive remover, it can be painful for the puppy and the skin can be damaged.
Chinese Crested Coat and Skin Colors
Both Hairless and Powder Puff Chinese Cresteds come in many different colors including white, black, slate, cream, apricot, orange, red, palomino, chocolate, silver, gray and any combination of colors.  Many Cresteds will change colors their entire life.
Grooming the Powder Puff Chinese Crested
The Powder Puff Chinese Crested has a double coat.  It should be soft, silky, straight and a moderate length and density.  The AKC Breed standard states that grooming is minimal.  While this may be true in comparison to a Yorkie Terrier or Maltese, a Powder Puff still requires a bit of work.  The dog should be brushed several times a week to prevent matting and bathed about once a week, depending on how much time the dog spends outdoors.
Many Crested owners prefer to keep their Powder Puff’s coat clipped short.  It is much easier to keep the dog clean and the coat is less likely to mat.  The dog would need to be clipped every three or four months.  This should be done by someone with the proper equipment and training.
Grooming the Hairless Chinese Crested
Taking care of the Hairless Chinese Crested’s skin and coat can be a simple task or a complicated one.  There are many variables and the amount of work involved depends on the individual dog and owner.  The Hairless Chinese Crested can be bathed with the same products used on any other dogs or even human products.  If a rash develops or they start scratching shortly after bathing, they may be allergic to something in one of the products you used.  Lanolin is a common culprit.
Most products that are used to treat and prevent acne in humans can also be used on the Hairless Chinese Crested.  Prevention is the key.  A weekly bath with a quality shampoo and conditioner, clean clothes and bedding, fresh water, a good diet, fresh air and exercise are essential.  The trick is to find what works best for each individual dog.  If something worked well for one dog, do not assume it will work for every dog.  Resist the urge to squeeze pimples or blackheads.  This can cause infections, scarring and discolor the skin.  If the dog has severe breakouts, consult a vet.
Exposure to the Sun
Keep in mind that sunscreen and lotion can clog the pores.  It is a good practice to wipe the skin with a clean wet washcloth at the end of the day.
Some dogs are not as sensitive to the sun and others may build up a base tan towards the end of the summer so they do not burn as easily.  In general, young puppies that have never been exposed to the sun will burn very quickly.  If your dog is sunburned, use an after sun aloe lotion to help soothe the skin.  If you are concerned about the severity of the sunburn, take the dog to a vet.
Clipping and Shaving
Chinese Crested Temperament
The Chinese Crested is a gay and alert dog that enjoys human companionship.  They are funny little dogs that like to please their owners.  If they find something that amuses you, they are likely to do it again to get your attention.  Chinese Cresteds are said to be “cat-like” and enjoy sitting in high places like the back of a couch or the arm of a chair.  Their activity level is medium to high but they enjoy quiet times with their family.  They can adjust well to apartment living.  They learn quickly and can do well in various performance sports such as agility, obedience, fly ball, lure coursing and many other dog sports.  Chinese Cresteds do not respond well to negative reinforcement methods of training.  They are sensitive and can have a hard time overcoming a bad experience.
Chinese Crested Health and Genetics
Chinese Cresteds are generally healthy dogs with an average life expectancy of 15 years or more. Some health concerns with Chinese Cresteds are:
Suggested Health Tests
Genetic Health Tests
Genetic Health Testing and Selective Breeding
It is important to note that carrier and affected dogs do not have to be removed from a breeding program.  As long as the carrier or affected dog is bred to a clear dog, no offspring will be affected by the disease.
Many times, breeders will say a dog is “clear by default”.  This means that both its parents were clear and the dog does not need to be tested.  It is clear because both of its parents are clear.  In addition, breeding a clear to an affected would only produce carriers so testing those offspring would not be required.  They would be “carrier by default”.
Genetic diversity is important in any breed.  These genetic tests allow breeders to maintain genetic diversity while striving to eliminate hereditary diseases from their breed.